The Icelandic preparations for this “International Women’s Year” started in early 1974. ” These words had been first spoken by Aðalheiður Bjarnfreðsdóttir, a fifty-4-12 months-old home employee, on an unusually warm and dry afternoon in fall 1975. Her viewers, in her speech in Reykjavík’s primary sq., included 25,000 women from all walks of life. They, together with ninety p.c of Iceland’s female inhabitants, had refused to show up for work that day, so as to reveal how a lot they contributed to the nation’s financial system.
In Sweden, the place women hold half of the cupboard posts and nearly half of all seats in parliament, new mums are guaranteed 35 weeks of leave. In Finland, which additionally boasts a near-even gender cut up in parliament in addition to a feminine prime minister, each mother and father will quickly enjoy 30 weeks of paid leave every. Spain, which additionally has a powerful feminine presence in government, will give dad and mom a complete of 32 weeks from next year.
Media portrays ideals of gender-specific roles off of which gender stereotypes are built. These stereotypes then translate to what types of work men and women can or ought to do. In this fashion click here to read, gender plays a mediating role in work discrimination, and women find themselves in positions that don’t allow for the same advancements as males.
The Global Gender Gap Report ranks Brazil at 95 out of a hundred and forty four international locations on pay equality for like jobs. Brazil has a rating of 0.684, which is a little under 2017’s global index. In 2017, Brazil was one of many 6 countries that fully closed their gaps on both the Health and Survival and Educational Attainment sub-indexes. However, Brazil noticed a setback in the progress towards gender parity this 12 months, with its total gender gap standing at its widest level since 2011. The non-adjusted gender pay gap just isn’t itself a measure of discrimination.
Inspiring Icelandic Women
During the Viking Age, Norse women labored in farming and commerce alongside men, and were often left in cost while their husbands had been away or had been killed. Women’s workshops for making woolen textiles have been found in Iceland.
Icelandic women stroll off the job in wage gap protest
The transfer is a part of a joint effort to redefine a nation’s success by measuring its citizens’ high quality of life quite than its GDP. The three collaborating international locations are, by the way, all headed by women. The year 1975 had been declared the International Women’s Year by the United Nations.
Australia ranked forty sixth by comparison, simply behind the U.S. and forward of Panama. Finnbogadóttir has long urged Icelandic women to speak out, to teach themselves and to rally with other women to raised their neighborhood. “There is little doubt that Iceland can be a position mannequin for equal rights on the planet,” she mentioned. If the rate of progress stays the same, it will take Iceland fifty two years for men and women to receive equal pay.
The Road to Recovery: Experiences and Occupational Lives of Icelandic Women with Breast Cancer
In each her TED talks, Halla Tómasdóttir mentions how growing up in Iceland inspired her to continually work towards gender equality. Starting as an underdog candidate, Tomasdottir ran for President in 2016. She obtained the second most votes in a crowded area of candidates, regardless of polls showing that she had 1% help some 45 days before election day. A yr after Tómasdóttir lost her race, the proportion of girls elected to the Icelandic parliament dropped from 47.6% to 38.1%.
Icelandic Female Names
Some of the best-leaning women thought that a strike (verkfall in Icelandic) can be too radical. In order to make sure solidarity throughout the political spectrum, the June conference agreed to urge women to “take a time off” as an alternative. In reference to the UN origins of International Women’s Year, they selected United Nations Day — October 24 — for a Kvennafrí, or a Women’s Day Off. Nonetheless, as historian Kristín Svava Tómasdóttir notes, the day has frequently been referred to as the Women’s Strike, or Kvennaverkfall.
This image is often promoted in international media, which usually holds up Iceland as a positive counterexample to realities in other international locations. For example, throughout a convention on gender violence in Reykjavík final September, Angela Davis evoked the memory of the Women’s Strike in distinction to “the grave political predicament” of her own homeland in the United States. A specific focus of IWRA is gender equality in politics, the workplace and in schooling.
In 1956, Vilhjálmur Einarsson gained the Olympic silver medal for the triple bounce. The team obtained a silver medal at the 2008 Olympic Games and a 3rd place on the 2010 European Men’s Handball Championship.